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Grammar

 

 

This lesson teaches a basic overview of Igbo adverbs. First of all, what is an adverb? An adverb is a word in grammar which qualifies the action of the verb and specifies how the action is performed. In the English language examples of adverbs would be slowly, quickly, hurriedly and instantly. And in the phrase, “I eat slowly”, slowly is the adverb as it follows the verb eat and specifies how the eating is done.

As you can see in English to make an adverb we add the letters “ly” to the end of an adjective. However, Igbo does not derive adverbs by addition  of “ly”. Igbo adverbs take a completely different approach.

Igbo adverbs are derived by repeating the “adjective”. For instance “He eats slowly means Ọ na-eri nri nwayọ nwayọ. (nwayọ means slow and “nwayọ nwayọ”  is the adverb (slowly).

For example, in Igbo to say slowly we say “nwayọ nwayọ“. We merely repeat the adjective.

Examples

 

 

IGBO

 

ENGLISH

 

Nwayọ nwayọ

 

Ọ na-aga ije “nwayọ nwayọ”

 

 

 

Slowly

He walks “slowly”

 

Ngwa ngwa

 

Bia ngwa ngwa

 

 

 

Rapidly

Come rapidly ( in a rush)

 

Gbaje gbaje

 

Mee ya gbaye gbaje

  

 

 

quickly

Perform it rapidly

 

N’ọkụ n’ọkụ

  

Rie ya n’ọkụ n’ọkụ

 

 

 

Hurriedly

Eat it huriedly

ọsisọ

 

Bia ọsisọ

 

Quickly

 

Come quickly

 

Ozugbo ozugbo

 

Bido, gụọ akwụkwọ gi ozugbo ozigbo

 

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